JNU: Ambedkar Vs Left; but opposite in Panjab University, Why?

BAPSA (Birsa-Ambedkar-Phule Student Association) challenging the Left Unity in JNU

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JNU, the land of ideological battles, is well-known place for intellectual potential and dominance of Stalinist left. With the rise of right wing forces after Modi became P.M. in 2014, from Rohith Vemula to Una incident dalits are being attacked ruthlessly. Consequently, dalits who were cunningly communalized by RSS during Lok Sabha election are now coming out of Hindutva fold. After the march of cultural Hindutva of right wing conservative, the left politics which claims to be pro-dalits in its popular rhetoric of Bolshevik revolution, obviously has found some space in political discourse. Though, the JNU’s campus culture and its students’ verdict is not always the real reflection of society but the recent sedition row and overwhelming attempts of Modi government to haunt left hegemony have  pulled the attention of whole nation to link up with JNU. Interestingly, in present scenario, dalits are being lured by all political groups evidently under the banner of ‘annihilation of caste’. Even P.M. Modi warned his party to convince dalits and said that Nationalists are with us, let’s reach out to Dalits, backwards.

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Courtesy  Kractivism

Kractivism -Bridge the Gap Bring the Change

JNU campus has been a hub of Stalinist left and Marxist bastions since its foundation. AISA, a student wing of CPI (ML) Liberation had been winning mandate in student elections for many years. In 2015, Kanhiya, a leader of AISF (the student wing of CPI) fought against AISA and became president of JNUSU. And for now, the JNU bears very different kind of contest where the right wing ABVP has been completely swept away and BAPSA(Birsa-Ambedkar-Phule Student Association) came as strong contender against Left Unity (AISA-SFI). BAPSA, which started just two years ago, chased the Left Unity and lost with a small margin of 409 votes.  Aftermath, the political thinkers are forced to interpret the political contours of newly emerged scenario in JNU. Clearly, the mandate of JNU student election is a synthesis of national political environment and inherent Ambedkar-Marxian contradictions. The nature of right and left politics is complementary, unconstitutional and absolutely hegemonic. Right wing relies on cultural hegemony while spreading false version of history or endorsing hegemonic phase of Manu-Samriti and similarly Left considers its philosophy ultimate champion of all oppressed sections asserting its ‘intellectual’ hegemony while imposing economic interpretation of history.

B.R. Ambedkar, the icon of constitutional democracy, had always motivated downtrodden and socially oppressed people for education, saying knowledge as one of major premises in power sharing. In 1970s, the Naxalite movement under the slogan ‘land to tiller’ and big ill-literacy in dalits (landless) brought them in leftist outfits. Moreover, dalit intellectuals also became dependent on leftist ideology while being far away from Ambedkar’s constitutionalism. Later on, the Bahujanvad of Kanshiram and Janata Politics gave a new independent voice to dalits, minorities and backward classes of India strengthening constitutional democracy. The JNU’s mandate reflects that dalits who are the product Ambedkar’s reservation policy, now following his slogan of  Educate, Agitate, Organize are struggling for independent platform rejecting Left politics, understanding the real difference between the Ambedkarism and Leftism as suggested by Ambedkar :

my party would not align with Communist Party for the plain reason that I do not believe in Communism”.

Instead, the mandate of student election in Panajb University, Chandigarh is surprisingly different. Students preferred ‘non-political’ group PUSU over mainstream parties like NSUI,SOI,ABVP etc. Secondly, the election mandate also brings Marx-Ambedkar ties in question. The extreme left outfit, Students for Society (SFS) got 2494 votes with small margin of 11 votes from second contender SOI and scored third position. Ironically, the Ambedkar Students Association (ASA) again lacked in representing dalits independently and overtly supported SFS. When will dalits, OBC and all the anti-casteism students of Panajb University understand that there cannot be ideological unity between Ambedkar and Marx?

                -Eklavya Editorial Committee

 

AN OPEN LETTER TO STUDENTS [Celebrating International Women’s Day, 8 March 2015]

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मैं वो हूँ जिसने जब देश पर बन आई तो बिना कुछ परवाह किए हाथों में तलवार उठा ली (रानी लक्ष्मी बाई )! मैं वो हूँ जिसके साम्राज्य  में कभी सूरज नहीं डूबा (रानी विक्टोरिया)! मैं वो हूँ जिसकी एक खोज ने विज्ञान का नया मार्ग खोल दिया (मेरी क्यूरी )! मैं वो  हूँ जिसकी शहादत को आज भी फ़्रांसीसी नमन करते हैं (जोन ऑफ़ आर्क)! मैं वो हूँ जिसने धरती क्या अंतरिक्ष को भी भेद डाला (सुनीता विलियम्स,कल्पना चावला )! मेरे अनेक रूप अनेक नाम हैं | मुझे अक्सर लोगों ने किसी की माँ,किसी की बहन,किसी की पत्नी और भी ना जाने कितने रूपों में देखा है |इस पुरुष प्रधान समाज में अपने अस्तित्व के लिए लडती मैं एक नारी हूँ |

इतिहास गवाह है कि मैंने पुरुषों के साथ सदा कंधों से कंधा मिला के चलने की कोशिश की है | परंतु यहाँ तक पहुँचते पहुँचते मैंने न जाने कितनी प्रताड़नाएं सही है | कभी मुझे जिंदा अपने पति के शव के साथ जलाया जाता था,कभी मुझे अपवित्र कह कर दुत्कारा जाता था | मेरे बचपन को भी विवाह की सूली पर चढ़ा दिया जाता था| मैं फिर भी थकी नहीं | जब भरी सभा में मेरा चीर खींचा,मैंने तब भी हार नहीं मानी | मैं लड़ती रही पुनःपुनः | मैं लडती रही अपने अधिकार के लिए | वो अधिकार जो मुझे प्रक्रति ने दिए|

मैंने झेला है दंश किसी का जूठन खाने का | मैंने गरीबी की आड़ में अपनी इज्जत बिकते देखी है | मैंने मर्दानगी के नाम पर कितनी ही चोटें खाई हैं | लाखों करोड़ो का व्यपार चलता है मेरे दहेज के नाम पर | मैं वो हूँ जिसे दुनिया में आने का मौका नही दिया जाता और अगर दिया भी जाये तो कुछ जानवर मुझे अपना शिकार बना लेते हैं |

मैं वो हूँ जिसकी आज़ादी पर पाबंदी है | मैं वो हूँ जो रात को अकेले कहीं नही जा सकती | क्यूंकि पता नही फिर किस बर्बरता का शिकार हो जाऊ | मैं वो हूँ जिसे आज भी शिक्षा का अधिकार पाने के लिए अपने सीने पर गोली खानी पड़ती है ! मैं वो हूँ जिसका जीवन साथी दुनिया में ना रहे तो, उस पर लांछन लगाने से कोई बाज नहीं आता | मेरे कपड़ों से मेरा चरित्र आंका जाता है | ये पुरुष प्रधान समाज अपने नियम मुझ पर थोपता है | एक ‘स्वयं सेवक महान इंसान’ ने तो यह तक कह दिया ‘Women should be just housewives’| इतनी संकीर्ण सोच वाले को ये ज्ञात होना चाहिए कि मानवता को आगे बढ़ाने का कार्य जितना उनका है उससे कहीं ज्यादा मेरा है | इन्हें यह सवीकार करना होगा कि इनका ये समाज मेरे बिना अधुरा है | मुझे कितने वर्ष लग गए इन्हें यह समझाते समझाते , बस एक सुधार की अपेक्षा में मैं इतना लड़ी इस समाज से | कितने ही आंदोलन मेरी आज़ादी की लड़ाई के गवाह रहे हैं| अपने अधिकारों की मांग करनी पड़ी मुझे ,वो अधिकार जो मुझे स्वत: मिल जाने चाहिए थे | इस संविधान ने मेरे लिए कई कानून बनाए हैं | कई अधिकार दिए हैं मुझे | पर कहाँ है यह सब? मुझे अभी भी पूरी जागरूकता कहीं नज़र नहीं आई | मुझे शिक्षा का अधिकार है ,पर आज भी ना जाने कितने गाँव, कितने शहर हैं जो मुझ से यह अधिकार छीन लेते हैं क्यूंकि मैं एक लड़की हूँ |

मुझे मतदान का अधिकार है परंतु ये पुरुष वर्ग इस अधिकार का भी हनन कर  लेता है | मुझे संपति का अधिकार मिला परंतु अपने आपको मुझसे ज्यादा योग्य, मजबूत कहने वाला ये वर्ग मेरा ये हक भी मांग लेता है | मुझे जब जब मौका मिला ,मैंने अपने आपको हर क्षेत्र में बेहतर साबित किया | यकीनन सुधार हुआ मेरी दशा में पर क्या ये सुधार काफी है? क्या पश्च्मिी परिधान पहन लेना ही सुधार है ?  क्या सिर्फ सत्ता में कोटा मिलना ही सुधार है ? चंद कानूनों के साथ जिंदगी जीना ही सुधार है ? अगर सिर्फ यही सुधार हैं तो फिर हम ‘बधाई’ के पात्र हैं और अगर  नहीं तो  देखना है की,  किस आन्दोलन की जरूरत है ,किस चेतना की जरूरत है ? मुझे पढने वालो मैं आप लोगों के बीच में से ही एक हूँ ! मैं इस university का वो 70% हिस्सा हूँ जिसने यहाँ तक पहुँचने के लिए बहुत मेहनत की है | मैं इस सुधार का मूर्त रूप हूँ | पर यह सुधार अधुरा है अभी | यदि किसी ने मेरे आंदोलन में मेरा साथ दिया है तो वो है “शिक्षा”| शिक्षा के  बलबूते ही हम इतना सुधार ला पाएं हैं | यहाँ भी मैं कभी अपने गुरु दुवारा शोषण का शिकार होती हूँ तो कभी किसी विधार्थी दुवारा |  एक इज्जत के लिए मुझे हर बार चुप करा दिया जाता है | मेरी दुर्दशा में मैंने खुद भी बराबर का साथ दिया है | मेरी जाति को ये समझना होगा कि अगर दूसरों से सम्मान पाना है तो पहले खुद का सम्मान करें | हमें खुद  को अबला ,बेचारी, दुखियारी  वाली मानसिकता से बाहर लाना होगा |  यहाँ के हलात बेहतर जरुर हैं, लेकिन पूरी तरह से मेरे  पक्ष में नहीं | यहाँ भी मुझे बाहर निकलते हुए डर लगता है कि कहीं  किसी छेड़खानी का शिकार ना हो जाऊ | और जब भी मैंने सुरक्षा का हक मांगा तो मुझे होस्टल के अंदर ठूस डाला और अपनी मर्जी से समय सीमा बाँध दी | और यहाँ भी सुरखा के नाम पर मेरे अधिकारों का शोषण ही हो रहा है | सम्य की सीमा में बांधकर मुझे कैद कर दिया जाता है | ‘लड़का लड़की की एक समान’ बस कहने भर की बात है,  मैं वो हूँ जो इस कथनी और करनी के अंतर का स्पष्ट उदाहरन हूँ |

अपने आप को विधार्थियों का प्रतिनिधि कहने वाली पार्टियाँ सिर्फ VOTES के लिए मेरे नाम का खूब इस्तेमाल करती है | बहुत से दावे करती हैं की हॉस्टल की समय सीमा बढ़ा देंगे, सुरक्षा बढ़ा देंगे और भी बहुत कुछ|

जब 70% में बसी मैं इन्हें जीत दिलाती हूँ तो ये भी मुझे जिम्मेदारी का पाठ पढ़ा कर अपना पल्ला झाड लेते हैं | बस  अब मैं उब चुकी हूँ | इस OPEN LETTER के माध्यम से मैं STUDENTS और P.U. AUTHORITIES को बताना चाहती हूँ की अब हमारी समस्याओं पर गुप-चुप कार्यवाही नहीं होगी बल्कि सभी फैसले हम  (girls and female staff) खुद  women cell  के साथ मिलकर लेंगे | चाहे मुद्दा eve-teasing का हो, harassment  का हो या hostel timing  का| इस पूरे संघर्ष को इंजाम देने के लिए पूरी University मे चेतना लाने के लिए एक awareness campaign होनी चाहिए | और यह campaign हमारे education system और curriculum  का एक स्थाई हिस्सा होना चाहिए | women rights, women empowerment  के विषय हमारे curriculum  में प्रतेक विधार्थी के लिए compulsory  हों | इस कार्य की पूर्ती के लिए  ESYA और HSA  के  platform  से मैं सभी दोस्तों को  appeal  करती हूँ की आओ मिलकर  gender equality  के लिए संघर्ष करें|  

आखिर में, मैं  ESYA और HSA का धन्यवाद करती हूँ जिन्होंने मुझे अपनी बात कहने का मौका दिया |  सभी दोस्तों को  International Women Day की बहुत बहुत बधाई | 

By – Vinam (Department of Physics, Panjab University, Chandigarh) 

March 8, 2015


A Message on occasion of “International Women Day”

-by ESYA and HSA

Our society has been undergoing in dilemma on the very issue of gender equality for many years since after Independence. No doubt, today we are free from very inhuman traditions like sati, devdasi or child marriages etc. But, Is this sufficient cure to heal historically perpetuated suffering? Is this enough effort to meet our goal of gender equality? Many ill doings like dowry, deprivation of right to property and right to choose partner, sexual harassments, rapes and domestic violence are still part of our social scenario. Casteism and communalism add more fuel to this fire of gender discrimination and prejudices. No one can forget the struggles of women for right to vote in western countries. Moreover, in our political arena, women have contributed very much and given strong leadership for development of country. Although our constitutional democracy provides many legal rights and efforts to assure women dignity and gender equality, but a backward social consciousness and patriarchal mentality try to hinder their implementations. But the power that resides in spirit of our constitution is so immense cannot be stopped. Education is one of that spirits which have been spreading a strong wave among youth brigade of India to stand and strive for gender equality. In North India, Panjab University campus is only one such educational platform which doubtlessly provides a comparatively healthy and alternative environment in opposition to gender prejudices in our society. Thats why we believe that Panjab University can be considered as a role model for other educational institutions and colleges especially in rural regions in order to promote this democratic and lively culture all over India.

No doubt this campus is not all alike that we want to make it. Absolute freedom is mere an imaginary concept. We cannot have full liberty till our whole society does not try to reject all evils existing in it. The very evolving and debated concept of freedom in our campus relates to equality of female students. Freedom and responsibility are two sides of same coin. Freedom also imposes some responsibilities on all elements of society. In our campus, students and authorities are two major traits which are supposed to be responsible for assuring gender equality and more freedom to girls. The high count of girls in university indicates that our society has achieved a stage where considerable benefits of education and academic have been snatched by girls from patriarchs and conservative sections. We ESYA and HSA have agreed with Swami Vivekananda’s view that “Educate your women first and leave them to themselves; then they will tell you what reforms are necessary for them. In matters concerning them, who are you? Liberty is first condition of growth….”   We believe in strength of women and uphold that university’s female students are much conscious for their rights, needs and liabilities. PU authorities cannot deny their issues of hostel timing and freedom on the name of security and safety. The hostel timings must be reasonable and decided by all girl students through wider discussions and voting conducted by P.U. Women cell. Moreover, 50% female security guards and staff must be appointed to provide safe and balanced environment. It is very unjust to talk about safety while ignoring the awareness level for gender equality and its need among students. Through this open letter, We ESYA and HSA request PU authorities to make “Women Empowerment” as compulsory subject (like environment) of our curriculum for every student. It will definitely raise the collective consciousness of our campus preventing danger of eve-teasing and sexual harassment. No reforms or “Women cell” can function unless awareness lacks.  Today, there are some conservative right wings elements who try to reverse the wheel of history by putting women just back to kitchens and by rejecting her right to life with dignity. On the other hand, the phony “left wing extreme feminism” that is being preached everyday in campus defame culture of university by imposing dress code on boys and girls and by misinterpreting life style of all boys with patriarchal and lustful phraseology to project them anti-women which incites anger, insecurities and fear among girls restricting their growth. We appeal the students of Panjab University to condemn these right conservative and left wing feminist forces which are a great threat to gender equality and democratic mentality. We congratulate to all students and administration on this “International Women Day”.

A STEP AHEAD TOWARDS “GENDER EQUALITY”

On this International women day, we resolve that now time is not all about talking on problems related to girls’ issues but it is time to take feasible and practical steps towards gender equality in our campus. We strive to fight for:

  1. Hostel timings are very irrational and discriminatory. If girls go to study in library in late evening or at night and cannot find any seat there, they cannot come back to hostel after 10:30pm. If they want to enter in hostel, they have to pay fine. This is very unjust and shameful. Hence some seats (according to number proportion of girls) must be fixed for girls and hostel timing must be reasonable. We will fight for this issue and noble cause.
  2. We uphold that hostel timing is one such issue which completely shows discriminatory attitude of authorities who manipulate this issue on the name of security. This is fully responsibility of management to provide security (especially female security guards) at night. And HOSTEL TIMINGS must be decided by girls through debates, discussions or even through voting conducted by Women Cell. We ESYA and HSA pledge that we will struggle to build a pressure on authorities to act upon this suggestion.
  3. Women Cell is very passive and unable to ensure eve-teasing free environment. It is truth to very extent that boys are very civil and social in our campus but still many incidents of eve-teasing and harassment happen in university. We will fight to make Women Cell functional properly so that female students can rise against eve-teasing and get justice with dignity.
  4. Awareness is only instrument to raise collective consciousness of society. We will fight to include “Women Empowerment” subject in curriculum as compulsory part for each student. It will work as permanent campaign for awareness among students. Through this letter, we request authorities to make this campaign successful.

                   Vinam – 8559018195  Vikramjeet Vick – 9988846069  Visit us at: www.esyaeklavya.wordpress.com    


ALL SUGGESTION AND LITERARY WORKS ARE WELCOMED

 

ESYA support Research Scholars’ issues raised by HSA party (August,2015)

[Let us fight for research quality and transparency in appointments of scholars and supervisors]

Crises and deadlocks when they occur have at least this advantage, that they force us to think”   –  Jawaharlal Nehru

 Any University is established to develop a high quality research so that a country can create profound thinkers and professionals. Our country spends million dollars over the research and human recourses to create such scholarship/research. These scholars are future of our country. If any management does not follow UGC guidelines then what can you think of quality of research running in that University?

 HSA have been sitting on Dharna on the very serious and important issues since 20 July 2015, challenging the quality of research and procedure of appointment for research scholars. HSA is trying to expose the shameful face of PU authorities who are denying the UGC guidelines in a routine basis. These issues include the admission procedure of scholars, not disclosing specialization of supervisors and simultaneously carrying out research and Job.

 This is first time in the history of PU when this issue has been put forward through such a comprehensive way. HSA have purposed a Demand Charter to PU authorities which has raised a serious doubt on the very intensions of PU admiration.

HSA seems very committed for these demands until given demand charter is not considered by PU authorities. The concerned issues and demands are formulated below:

  1. Display department wise details of the all available supervisors, their areas of specializations along with number of filled and vacant position of Ph.D. scholars under him/her at the University website.

 

  1. Issue clear cut instructions regarding provisions for pursuing Ph.D. along with the Jobs in the lights of University as well as UGC norms meant for Ph.D. education.

 

 

  1. Issue instructions to consider date of joining as Ph.D. enrolment/registration date.

 

  1. Issue instructions to provide faculties including hostel accommodation, till the award of Ph.D. degree.

 

 

  1. Stop the payment of honorarium to permanent facility of Panjab University for guest lecturers in allied subjects/departments.

 

  1. Give the guest lecturers to the willing research scholars (not availing any fellowship) and paid them applicable honorarium.

 

HSA has seriously pointed out above demands and raised voice for research scholars. We as ESYA have tried to understand the whole issue while discussing all demands with HSA. We are trying to elaborate these demands one by one. Also we will help students and scholars to understand whole issue.

  • Display department wise details of the all available supervisors, their areas of specializations along with number of filled and vacant position of Ph.D. scholars under him/her at the University website.

As per UGC (Minimum standard and procedure for award of M.Phil./Ph.D. degree) regulation 2009:

 

“The number of seats fo M.Phil. and Ph.D. shall be decided well in advance and notified in the university website for advertisement. All universities, institutions, deemed to be universities and colleges/institutions of national importance shall widely advertise the number of available seats for M. Phil./Ph.D. studies and conduct admission on regular basis.”

It is very clear from UGC guidelines that it is mandatory to display all available supervisors and number of vacant seats on University website before conducting interview. As we all know PU uses to display final shortlisted candidates after interview. PU never displays number of vacant seats and available guide/ supervisor having specialization of his/her field. This practice indicates ignorant and casual attitude of PU administration. This illegal practice also creates a doubt in any inquiring mind how PU is full of favoritism. Many concerned supervisors/ guides are prone to select their known students. This approach also questions the minimum standard of research level in PU. We can understand how many deserving and meritorious students are losing the chance to join the PU leading to lower the quality of scholarship in PU.

  • Issue clear cut instructions regarding provisions for pursuing Ph.D. along with the Jobs in the lights of University as well as UGC norms meant for Ph.D. education.

 

 As per UGC (Minimum standard and procedure for award of M.Phil./Ph.D. degree) regulation 2009:

“Notwithstanding anything contained in these regulation or any other rule and regulation, for the time being in force, no university, institution, deemed to be university and college/institution of national importance shall conduct M.Phil. and Ph.D. Programmes through distance education mode.”

 

From the above UGC guideline, it is very clear the only regular mode of Ph.D. education is authenticated. But still there are some cases of simultaneously doing job (in other colleges and institutions) and research (availing fellowship) which is totally unlawful and unjust. This activity also shows PU authority are not following UGC guidelines and showing its double-faced attitude. Why are these things happening in PU – number one university in North India? Obviously, PU is lacking transparency and some Professors are keen to have favoritism. There is no provision of part time or distance mode for research education. But on contrary some scholars are doing jobs and also pursuing jobs. It is very unfortunate that PU- Dean Research is still not coming out from office and unable to clear the PU’s position if university is untainted. Dean Research is silent till now whereas Dharna has entered in second week of struggle. How shameful !!

  • Issue instructions to consider date of joining as Ph.D. enrolment/registration date.
  • Issue instructions to provide faculties including hostel accommodation, till the award of Ph.D. degree.

These demands are very much reasonable and obvious at the first sight. Initially students are invited to submit registration form. And then they are supposed to submit research synopsis in time bound manner by allotting a fix date of submission. Between this time period selection procedure have come to end and a joining letter is send to eligible selected students. But when candidate comes to join research, he/she is appointed in back date which curtails the time period of submission of synopsis as date of joining is not supposed as official date of registration. And during this back date period the candidate may be involved in some other official works like academic or job. This is very self-contradictory and illegal procedure.
As fellowship is allowed from date of joining, it will also solve the problem of fellowship allotment. We ESYA request Registrar to consider date of joining as date of registration.

Moreover, hostel accommodation facility is provided till date viva-voce where as the degree is Ph.D. degree is suppoed to complete when result notification comes. Hence scholars have to leave the hostel before the degree is completed. This is also not fair practice leading to harassment of scholars. Hence this trend should come to end.

  • Stop the payment of honorarium to permanent facility of Panjab University for guest lecturers in allied subjects/departments.
  • Give the guest lecturers to the willing research scholars (not availing any fellowship) and paid them applicable honorarium.

It is commonly alleged that many senior regular Professors and other staff are being appointed as Guest facility. And this regular staff is taking Rs. 25000 extra on monthly basis from University exchequer. This is very unjust and against the PU jobs terms and conditions in which it is clearly mentioned that a regular Professor cannot charge for extra classes if he wants to take extra classes or intra department extra classes for certain subjects. Moreover this unethical practice deprives many needy and genuine research scholars to take the advantages of experience and honorarium. As if nominal salary/ honorarium comes into hands of deserving (not availing any fellowship) scholars, it will help both scholars and University. It is very much unfortunate that PU- Dean Research is not breaking his silence on these issues.

 WE, ESYA appeal all responsible and aware PU students and scholar to join the Dharna led by HSA that has demonstrated before VC office. We welcome scholars’ suggestions and issues that might have not included yet. Let us make efforts to raise PU scholarly standard more high and reasonable.

Understanding the pre-election scenario in PU-campus [May I help you!] 20 August, 2015

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ALMOST all students have gone to their homes in this summer vacation but those who are still in PU can feel the hot torrent of student politics. This politics appears hotter than the June-July heat waves. All parties’ workers are very hard working and busy in serving students who are coming for entrance tests and counseling.

We ESYA would like to make students aware about campus political scenario that they would be missing in their homes. Many things have been changing in student politics for last one year. New issues with new strategies have been placed among party-workers and students. New divisions of leadership have emerged in different student organizations. Whatever changes took place, but the spirit to serve the fresher students and their parents is still alive in all student parties. No doubt, restricting the provision of help-desk created the troubles among fresher and aspirants but the student’s associations/organizations compensated everything with more responsibility.

ESYA has tried to observe deeply all changing dynamics of work style and organizational structure of every student group. Now we will present step by step review of major student parties which will help leadership as well as voter to act upon.

NSUI (student wing of Indian national congress party)Everybody knows that NSUI has been winning presidential post in student council for last two years. In 2013, this organization/union had won by huge margin but in the last year the charisma of big leaders Dalvir Goldy and Barinder Dhillon etc hardly escaped NSUI to get insulted, by winning presidential post with merely 60-70 votes. This shows the declining image of NSUI. It is bitter truth that two year continuous power orientation raised the ego level of NSUI leaders which led to emerge many power-centers within in party.

No doubt NSUI performed various welfare tasks like removing restriction on celebration of Holi in campus touching the issue of gender equality, celebration of International Women Day, organizing VIMARSH and many entertainment occasions.

But out of sudden, NSUI’s president Mr. Himanshu Budhiraja came as avtar of Mr. Kejriwal by addressing the issue of corruption against Management especially DSW. But he did the same that ex-PM Manmohan Singh have done by inventing RTI Act (2005) which meaningfully exposed the corruption cases in congress regime. This became the major reason for defeat of congress party in Lok-Sabha election (2014). Budhiraja sat on “Dharna” accusing the DSW for corruption in hostel funds etc and fought for transparency in use of funds. But it is very unfortunate that when all students got convinced with his struggle and issue, he had taken the whole struggle back without giving any justification to students. It has created a wide gap between party and student masses. His ‘transparency struggle’ finally maligned the image of NSUI and created doubt in the students on the character of NSUI leadership. Also this struggle was the moment when the contradictions within lower and upper NSUI leadership and formation of various power-centers came on surface. It is also very obvious that one of the major reasons of NSUI fragmentation is regional contradictions (Punjab vs Himachal). Everyone can clearly observe NSUI is suffering like Punjab Congress party.

Because of this episode, NSUI has disappeared among freshers and has become absent in PU politics till date. It reveals that NSUI has failed to serve students giving up the basic spirit of student politics. Also it is very unfortunate that PU- NSUI is too immature to address many issues like Lalit-Gate, Viyapam scam, atrocities against Dalits, Communal violence in BJP regime etc to express the Congress party-line whereas NSUI- Delhi leadership is very active and mature in comparison to NSUI-PU.

Inspite of all these flaws and drawbacks, NSUI has vast experience and strong history to overcome these problems and take challenge in this tough situation. Now it is matter of much excitement how NSUI leadership would overcome the crisis in party!

SOI (Student wing, Akali-Dal Badal)SOI was the main opponent to NSUI for presidential post in last year campus election. Often, Badal politics has been accused of indulging Punjab youth in alcoholism and synthetic drugs to assist the business Drug-mafia. Hence to clean Party image, CM Badal has been making strategy to woo youth of Punjab and want to stop the march of very enthusiastic, honest, charismatic and brave youth leader M.P. Mr. Bhagwant Mann who has boldly exposed the cheap Badal’s mafia politics expressing the real essence of Sikhism. SOI’s strong effort in PU is one of the reflection this very strategy of Badal politics.

Whatever national political scenario may be, despite that SOI’s main leadership Mr. Vicky Middukhera seems much focused since last session has ended. He did not attempt to address the demands of students or campus but applied “Move to masses” strategy. He has been among workers during all duties and functions which has inspired many young students and party workers. Navi, Meet Jattana and many other are new young faces who are giving service to students in these hot days. And it is worth to mention that SOI leadership is more humble and polite than NSUI leadership.

It is believed that the old SOI leadership was suffering from group-ism. And it is very common notion in student leaders that SOI is not exposing its panel posts fearing the break down within party. It seems that SOI is worried about the same problem that BJP/NDA is facing in coming Bihar Assembly election.

Last time, SOI did unprincipled alliance with INSO leaving its natural ally ABVP alone. Perhaps, it is expected that SOI cannot make alliance with INSO because INSO is being weak in PU. The shameful assembly election (2014) defeat of INLD party (Chauttala politics) made INSO (student wing, Indian National Lok Dal, INLD) very fragile and poor. Note that, this INLD party was one who reduced Janta Parivar & Smajwadi line to JAAT Politics raising the atrocities against Dalits and women in Haryana.

Now, it is to observe how SOI party overcomes the dissent in Punjabi youth against hollow AKALI DAL BADAL politics to clean the Mafia like image of Badal politics. We wish that SOI leadership would question the very line of Akali Dal Badal. We wish that SOI leadership will pressurize the Akali party to think upon the serious issue of development of Punjab, to leave the cheap right wing politics based of identity and community on the name of sacred Sikhism, if SOI win the campus election and go to higher leadership in Akali politics.

YOI is a Punjabi group which begins with its campaign on the serious Drug issue in Punjab through a play on Student center doing a political satire on ruling Badal party. But YOI has lost its enthusiasm very soon and reduced to just propaganda while distributing Helpline leaflets. And no activist of YOI has been seen physically on ground.

PUSU (No political party line)-It is an open fact that PUSU is the first party which establish the Student Politics in campus since 1977 and create a very space of campus democracy. Every conscious and aware student knows the services and dedication of PUSU party workers and leaders. This party is very active in almost every struggle for campus development and student demands. This party has done abundant work in the issue of hostel WiFi, common room needs, girls hostel timings, library, campus infrastructure, fee hike etc. In continuation to its work, PUSU is very active in these days of counseling and entrance. But PUSU lacks in organized propaganda in comparison to its organized working. PUSU leadership and workers do well in field but get failed in reaching to students for the credit of their work.

It is well known fact that PUSU is much popular in Girl students. And this party is only single strong party having female leadership. Also PUSU is much revered in Sciences deptts. Irrespective of its neutral image it is also prevailing fact that PUSU is not a multi-cultural group but a Punjab oriented group. In last election this party did alliance with HSA to maintain the image of neutral and multi-cultural harmony.

Now days, Mr. Naval Deep is main incharge in PUSU. No doubt he is only single dominating face who is ever seen in forefront but it is believed that party is strategically working under cover. Also it is preached that PUSU is using this strategy to avoid drainage of leaders to SOI party. Hence it is clear that the party has not announced presidential candidate. This shows that it is very difficult to survive as neutral group when mainstream political national parties’ student organ embraced the whole campus.

HSA (No political party line)-HSA is one of the dedicated group in the service to students. This association has always struggled for student welfare, whether be it the issue of fee hikes, library timings, outsider and eve-teasing or any injustice. HSA is one who has taken initiative to form a collective platform against fee hike. HSA is fully devotee to MAY I HELP YOU campaign. Like PUSU, HSA also lacks in propagating their works and achievements to students. All student associations blamed HSA as Haryana based group. But HSA seems very self-critical and flexible association which rapidly has been trying to change perceptions about it. Last year leadership especially Mr. Vishal Sharma consciously changed the work style and attitude of party cleaning the image of overall party. Present leadership came into hands of Krishan Sheoran and Neeraj Kharab who are very dearly working in the service to students. They are very good organizers as they successfully gather the scattered old leadership under the flag of HSA.

It is an open secret that Dr. Jaideep is an epicenter of campus politics. He is one of the most experienced personalities in whole political environment of campus. In any occasion of PU where joint activity is projected he is appointed main decisive leader of that event whether be it seminar, Joint Student Action Committee or PURSA. No doubt he is known for his generous advice to all parties leaders but now he is formal member in advisory committee of HSA. This is a big shot for new leadership of HSA.

All HSA leader and cadre are very humble, hardworking and sharp learners. Recently HSA held protest and dharna at Student Center to address various demands related to outsiders, girl security etc. HSA had a constructive map for above issue and finally HSA won the struggle. We ESYA observe that this is single association which has a unique constructive road-map for the advancement of campus issues like gender equality, parking, library, academics, infrastructure and SC/ST or EWS scholarship.

It is our strange experience about HSA that this is only association which is somewhat vocal on national issues like communalism, NET neutrality, International Women Day without having any mainstream political party line. Recently HSA tried to criticize communalism with its own arguments while condemning SFS and RSS –which are thoroughly anti-democratic, extreme/anti-national, caste-ist and feudal forces.

Also it is supposed that the declining of INSO will favour the HSA group. Moreover, this party does not have many power centers which make it stronger. It is expected that this party will be decisive in victory of student panel. It seems that any other party that will make alliance with HSA or to whom HSA gives its support will win, if this party carries its present enthusiasm till September.

ASA (Student wing, BSP)-ASA is a group of SC students. Obviously, ASA is out of scene in campaign MAY I HELP YOU till now. But ASA will definitely come out for serving SC student during counseling. ASA is known as ‘non-political group’ according to their members. It is well intentioned approach of ASA to work for scholarship issues. They have served very genuinely to poor SC students for scholarship issues. Hence ASA has certain fix vote base, though ASA do not participate directly in student election.

It is a common opinion in political student groups that ASA settled this SC vote base in favour of SFS during last campus election. ASA’s leadership was mainly in hands the Punjab dominated people. Hence they asked their SC voters to give votes to SFS (a leftist party). Moreover, present ASA leadership is Haryana based which seems to assure that unlike old leadership this time ASA will not vote to typical Punjabi group SFS.

No doubt previous ASA leadership (ex-President Gurdeep Singh) had claimed to be Ambedkarites but they had never read Ambedkar’s thought on Leftism/Marxism. But now ASA leadership is under Mr. Vijay Kumar (president ASA) who would perhaps know the ideological difference between Ambedkar’s Buddhism and violence. Therefore, PU dalit students can expect from ASA’s present leadership that they will be represented by direct/open support to any democratic and progressive party.

ASA always takes good initiative on the eve of Ambedkar’s birth or death anniversary as a custom of seminar. But recently the SFS’s own separate seminar ‘Annihilation of Caste’ has made ASA clear that SFS’s class annihilation line wants to hijack the ASA’s Annihilation of Caste. Hence ASA will try to understand this ideological gap between both. [Note that, it does not mean that anyone cannot celebrate Ambedkar’s anniversaries with different manner].

SFS (A petty left party with extreme tendencies): – SFS has entered in student election from last year clarifying its own dilemma on Lyngdhoh issue. SFS got considerable amount of votes on the name of female presidential candidate. Now, SFS has also initially started to partake in MAY I HELP YOU campaign.

It is popular view among student parties/unions and common students that SFS had always taken very violent and extreme position on social media, during public debates, protests and discussions especially on Naxals/terrorists/internal security issues. SFS’s this attitude has exposed its mask of neutral organization whereas last year SFS was successful to hide its extremist/leftist face.

SFS may be as much as adamant or extremist, but today SFS will easily accept the truth that whole year SFS was not found on Big Dharna or protest against management. The major reason of not doing Dharna seems that SFS fears to create same situation that it did previously- by abusing and hitting constables, SFS leaders had provoked police to do lathicharge on them. And also Police registered many cases against them including molestation of female constable.

But now days, it seems that SFS’s ‘revolutionary soul’ has been escaping from the Black-magic of Chandigarh police for one year. On the contrary, many views are claiming that SFS do not worry about student welfare rather it wants to use electoral sorcery to have special privilege in student council. In this light, SFS is just targeting specific areas like girls, research scholars and engineering students for vote base. SFS has tried to impress the PURSA’s scholars so that it can use the influence of Ph.D. scholars for vote bank. It has also exploited the assistance of PAF (people artist forum, cultural wing of SFS) to attract students by projecting themselves as pro-people and follower of Shaheed Bhagat Singh.

In the absence of AAP student wing in PU, SFS wants to take advantage of democratic AAP politics by showing themselves in poor dresses and strange dress codes but everybody knows that their reality lives in big houses, many acres land or money -lending private shops. SFS has to hide its violent ideology, party-line and extreme leftist attitude, if it wants a respectful defeat or victory.

ABVP (student wing BJP)- ABVP could not find any space in advanced PU campus because some very backward and conservative attitude in their ideological line. Communal and anti-women statements of RSS leaders and Sadhvis or M.Ps have made BJP face most hatred among civil society. Hence it is very difficult for ABVP to raise its stature in advanced campus of PU. Moreover BJP’s nationalism has been exposed among Indian people on the issue of Lalit-Gate, Viyapam scam, Pankaja Munde corruption case.

Identity politics in PU campus:-  Like national political scenario, our PU campus is also full of identity politics whether its reflection may be in the form of regional, religious or on the basis of caste. Very interestingly in PU campus, the regional contradiction is main line along which whole political scenario can be divided. PUSU, SOI, NSUI and small group SFS are mainly Punjab dominated group whereas INSO, HSA and ASA is tagged as Haryana dominated group.

NSUI has very clear mindset to express itself as main sympathizer to Himachali students and use “Himachli topi” to woo their regional sentiments, though NSUI and HIMSU are suffering with internal contradiction. It is surprising fact that HIMSU and HPSU are two Himachal Pradesh’s student unions, both having orientation towards Indian National Congress.

Similarly the Punjabi Group like NSUI, SOI and PUSU are very expert to use “TURBAN” as identity to woo Sikh and Punjabi population. One month before the election their leaders are working without TURBAN and suddenly during campaign they would be seen with shining turban. And SFS is also a master of drama of catching ‘separatist sentiments’ of Sikhs and Punjabis by raising issue that Punjabi language is in danger. SFS seems to be anti-nation when they unnecessarily argue for support of separatist on the Kashmir issue. Actually it seems that SFS members do not have any philosophical problem but surely psychological problem since neither they know what to do with their so called ideology nor what to do in life.

YUWA is Bihar based “Modi” influenced group which came into existence with the rise of Modi era in 2014. But they seems very immature when YUWA does not have stand on MODI’s BJP which is main ally of SHIV SENA in Maharashtra who are accused of killing Bihar students in Maharashtra.

Campus TV- Campus TV is main estate of Campus Democracy which raises the voice of voiceless students and good platform for spreading information in campus. Campus TV is team of 5-6 students. Taran Dhillon and Vikas Kinha are two most daring and hardworking members of Campus TV who cover all events in PU. ESYA thanks to these brave and selfless persons for their services.

ESYA appeals all students to give their vote for strength of campus democracy. And also request PU authorities to assure fair election and security.

By – Vikramjeet Vick (President ESYA)

Opposing Land Acquisition Bill (23 March, 2015)

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Even after 68 years of Independence no land mapping has been done. Land should be classified and only the agriculturally useless land should be given to industrialists on lease with the farmers earning an income from their land”  – Anna Hazare

We, the people of India shall always be indebted to Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev whose contribution in nation building is often reduced by various political forces and trends with extreme right and left tendencies. The meaning of their sacrifice was not only to free India from yoke of British but in building a nation and society which is actually free from social evils and will always resist anti-democratic forces while serving primarily the poor, the destitute of the country.

We, the people of India have always been from centuries a civillisation and nation of farmers and peasants. Century after century India maintained its inherent character as country of peace loving peasants, tyrants came and went, invaders came and went but the peasant of India stood unshaken. Today when country is essentially a Democratic and Republic, today when India is a WELFARE STATE no government can afford to neglect or worse, deliberately harm the interest of peasants under the excuse of industrialization, development or whatever they may call it. Hence, the perfect tribute on Martyrdom Anniversary of Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev must be marked by a stiff, sharp opposition to the Land Acquisition Ordinance made by NDA Govt. In 1894 British Government brought the land Acquisition Act, although legislation was unfair to the peasants and farmers, there were no major changes in the law till 2013 when the UPA-2 passed Right to Fair Compensation and transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Bill 2013. The 2013 Act had three major tenets: First, no land acquisition would happen for private industry or corporate without the consent of the farmers(70-80%); second, there would be a social impact study; and third, there would be increased compensation for losers of the land. But the same people who were in opposition and spent 15 hours in debating that UPA’s Bill is anti-peasant have now so shamefully not only taken a U-turn but have come with ideas far more anti-peasantry.

WELFARE STATE AND MODEL OF DEVELOPMENT: –  In the long history of modern political revolutions humanity has developed not only its political discourse but blended various economic systems as well. Narendra Modi, in his usual aggressive economic policies have forgotten that no democratic nation state can be run purely on the basis of demand and supply, market can never be given a total free hand but certain interference of the State is always necessary in order to safeguard the poor. India by the virtue of its political setup and constitutional principles is Democratic and Socialist in nature hence his government’s actions like passing unprecedented number of ordinances and then trying to use its majority to pass the bills in parliament is outrageous and neither it will be accepted by the people nor it expresses the intentions of the founding fathers of the constitution of India. If India is a WELFARE STATE then the model of development must be comprehensive and inclusive. India must embrace the good effects of globalization but not blindly, it must safeguard its domestic market and especially the fragile peasantry. This government should have worked in the favour of the poor and not vice-versa. Also it must be the priority of the government that as it is so willing to pass the Land Acquisition bill it must with same intensity implement the LAND REFORMS in the rural and backward countryside.

DEFINING PUBLIC PURPOSE AND OBTAINING CONSENT:-  Every legislation that was made or incorporated into free India from British Era was filtered with the ideas of GANDHIAN Socialism which essentially means that for the projects of extreme importance which were central for nation building like construction of dams, roads, canals or railways No consent was required from farmers. But that was only in case of PUBLIC PURPOSE, the only rationale of acquiring land from farmers was and should always be PUBLIC PURPOSE/WELFARE under the direct ownership of the State. But now very cunningly, the present government has manipulated the very intention of this legislation. Where earlier for acquiring land for private projects or PPP (Public Private Partnership) plans 70-80% consent of farmers was mandatory now this government wants to do away from this provision. It is clear from here that government wants to sell the lands of the poor farmers not for PUBLIC’s PURPOSE but for interest of private individuals and corporates which is not only against the constitutional values and intention of the legislation but also a shameful act against the peasants, the poor and is stabbing in back of the people of India. Moreover there are other provisions like government trying to sell the very fertile land with multicrop capability must not be allowed. Hence, it is the duty of the students and youth of the country that this intention of the government must be thwarted, the opposition which has been built by farmer unions and political parties and people like Anna Hazare must be supported and occasion of the Martyrdom of our National Heroes- Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev must be marked with this opposition to draconian ordinance.

BALANCING -AGRICULTURE, TRADE AND GLOBALISATION:- Today India is known for its service sector, its massive capacity and contribution in world’s IT Industry. But how far and how effectively are we using the present IT and other technologies available in the field of agriculture? Market analysis both at National and International level are available aplenty. Weather forecasting is much better but still farmers are left to fend for themselves and seldom receive timely advice, help or even compensation in the face of natural calamites. We agree that it is essential that more and more investment must be invited in the country, more infrastructure, better service sector and more international education institutions especially Agriculture Universities must be allowed to invest massively and establish themselves for the India to become a global power. BUT can grabbing fertile land or reckless land acquisition by private sector will help ? It must be accepted that those who think that we can import food to feed our population of 1.2 billion are under estimating the importance of self sufficiency. We cannot depend on imported food as it can lead to manipulations by food exporters. Hence, lessening the fertile land for agriculture CANNOT be considered as a balancing act between the India’s agricultural growth and giving impetuous to the International Trade and it is the responsibility of this WELFARE STATE that a balance must be reached between these major sectors without harming one sector or without popular political consensus in the country as has been done by this government. Agriculture is central to India, globalization is current reality and Open International Trade is the mode of which can be useful for not only developing Industry but also Modernising and increasing the agricultural yield. Whereas this Land Acquisition Ordinance does not seem to be doing any one of these properly! Therefore ESYA firmly opposes this irrational, unreasonable, anti-democratic and dictatorial Land Acquisition Bill that has been introduced in the Parliament by the Government. We whole heartedly support the movement of the Farmer Unions and other sincere and democratic forces in transforming this bill into more pro-people and in spirit of Welfare State. And we as ESYA APPEAL to the Students and Youth of Punjab University to support and be part of this democratic opposition on the Occasion of our Martyrdom Anniversary of our National Heroes- Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev.   

-President: Vikramjeet Vick

DELHI MANDATE: VICTORY OF CONSTITUTIONAL VALUES AND DEFEAT OF RELEGIOUS INTOLERANCE (by Sawinder Singh on 21 feb, 2015)

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With shameful defeat of BJP in Delhi Elections, people of India have given a very strong message not only to arrogant and Fascist powers in the country but also a shocking wave of new life in democratic principles across the world. This is victory of not one party but victory of common man over money, muscle and power, it is the victory of secularism over communalism, it is the victory of democracy over concentration of power, it is the victory of spirit of Constitution over conservative values and religious intolerance. In nutshell Delhi mandate manifested the resolve of people in upholding the Preamble bearing “Secularism and Socialism”  for ever as character of Indian Society. Other than that it is a great opportunity for AAP to establish a new model of governance and essence of Welfare State which is enshrined in Constitution. Very shamefully the cruelest state policies have been brutal slum demolition since the 1990s, punishing, pauperizing Delhi’s poorest residents for the state’s failures to ensure affordable housing. Women voted in the hope of safety and dignity, and young people in anticipation of jobs, Delhi’s religious minorities voted in APP’s favour because of mere dismay at the declining climate of religious intolerance through the politics of deliberately manufactured hatred. The idioms and allegations hurled by other parties such as ‘bhagora’, ‘dharnebaaj’, ‘Anarchist’ etc failed to impress people but perhaps only 49 days of governance of the AAP in Delhi earlier was voted as better than the last 60 years of Indian political history. Hence the list is long, the journey hard and uphill. But AAP has the historic opportunity not just to re-write the rules of Indian politics-which it has partly already done but also of running a government which is authentically responsible and sensitive to its most disadvantaged residents. Through this little discussion we hope to evoke and highlight the factors of phenomenon of AAP and possibilities of Youth and Students of India to be part of this grand change and express boldly that soul of India is and always will be “SOVEREIGN, SOCIALIST, SECULAR, DEMOCRATIC, REPUBLIC”.

AAP AN EXPRESSION OF RISING ‘ENTROPY OF LIBERTY’ :-

Usually Indian electoral scene is always the scene of shameful caste politics, elections have been won by the regional and national parties on less of political or academic merit but by money and muscle. The election speeches during subsequent Lok Sabha Elections or any elections in India per say never were filled with heavy ideological or meaningful debates but vulgar propaganda to woo electors on the base of religion and caste. But not only AAP introduced some substantial political and economic agendas but on a closer look the proposed changes by AAP, is expression of rising political consciousness and deepening democracy /representative structures as political and cultural identity of the country. The decentralization of power, promise of creating culture and habit of referendums instead of indirect electoral representations is but something new and revolutionary not only in Indian democracy but  on Globe.

  • Decentralisation of Power through Swaraj Bill :- Power as a concept and ‘natural tendency’ is most debated and sough after in all realms of human communications. More the concentration of power, less humane the system becomes. Concentration of power can be through economic means or political, it has always proved to be menace for human freedom and culture. Even in a complex and liberal democracies like that of United States, Australia or India there remains possibility of immense power concentration. Emergency that was imposed in India by Smt Indra Gandhi in 1975 is one such example which exposed the weaknesses of these parliamentary democracies. We have been living in era of Indirect Parliamentary Democracies. But now because of the rampant development of technology it has been possible to usher in the age of Referendums and direct taking part of people in decision making through curtailing the powers of the elected members in our parliaments and other local representative systems. There are many ways to this, many debates in and against this concept and the procedure which leads to the decentralization of power further in our democracy. Manifesting such revolutionary ideas through mohalla sabhas etc is one of the way as is been experimented by Aam Aadmi Party in Delhi. Moreover Swaraj Bill may be is such an idea which the students and youth must observe and make sincere effort to manifest.
  • Transparency as weapon against corruption :- A democracy belongs to people eternally. Transparency not only in the government records, working and financial transactions of public sectors but maximum and full transparency in working and transactions of Corporations is a must for this democracy to be vibrant. Only transparency for now will ensure that neither the legislators nor the beaurocratic set up is sold out to the corporations. A democratic country can never be of any Religion ( as saffron forces want ) nor it can be a toy in hands of the powerful MNCs and Corporations. It essentially has to be secular as well as system of the people and by the people. Therefore the Youth and students of India must understand that as RTI and Lokpal bill were only a start towards this goal, the fight against corruption demands greater check and transparency in the public and private sectors. Where the newly elected AAP government must keep it in mind, the pressure groups and voice of youth must not fade away and it is the pious job of the party workers and Aam Aadmi (common man) to keep on reminding and forcing the AAP government to follow its promises on these issues.

 DELHI’S VICTORY IS IDEOLOGICAL DEFEAT OF COMMUNAL FORCES :-

 Misinterpreting history in the favour of one’s own political aims, to profess false national chauvinism, to propel hatred on the basis of race or religion or ideology is actually the oldest trick in the game. Mussolini presenting himself as incarnation of Roman Emperors, fake racial superiority of Nazi Germany or equally false political propaganda of extreme class based violence in Soviet Union are but few examples of misinterpretation of history and we all know how these regimes ended !  Now in India the present ruling party is actually one such expression in modern history of humanity. The various religious pressure groups which support BJP have always been there propagating some 5th century religious intolerance. So much so that, that Prime Minister of India in many of his speeches in past actually mentioned India and Indians being slaves from past 800 years ! Clearly, inherent is the discourse of religious hatred whereby the use of such phraseology expresses only the mentality of ‘chauvinist pracharak’ not Prime Minister of a Secular country.

           Hinduattva/Hindu Rashtra, is the term which is being professed by Saffron forces. In their propaganda, imagination and intention it stands nowhere near the ORIGINAL philosophy, sacredness and comprehensiveness of the ancient texts of India. Quiet opposite to it, discourse of Saffron forces is but of hatred, sectarianism and religious fundamentalism which is a shameful distortion of ancient Indian culture, philosophy as well as history. Hence it is important and imperative that students and youth of India must not fall into this degenerated, false version of history and communal ideology. INFACT, the true glory of ancient Indian culture and lifestyle (which is very dear to these communal forces !) is and can be only expressed if Indian masses will uphold the principles of Secularism and Republic. The phenomenon of caste brutality is but later medieval degeneration of Indian society and all the other associated shameful practices like sati. Hence, even the faintest logic to debate on the relevance of Secularism and Socialism is shameful and must be thwarted. Great Indian Social Reformer, Swami Vivekananda remarked, “Religion ceases to progress when unity is reached, which is the case with Hinduism.” It becomes clear that there is no space for religious intolerance and hatred in Ancient India philosophy as well as Modern Democracy.

           But an advertisement released by I&B MINISTRY on January 26, 2015 featured preamble in the background of the advertisement without words: Secular & Socialist.  Also the latest calendar published by Rajya Sabha had the preamble with these words missing. The Shiv Sena’s assertion on dropping the two words has led to widespread apprehensions that there might be a move to change the PREAMLE which infact the party high command has been quick to deny. It should have been ended there, but it is strange to notice that otherwise a very articulate and outspoken Prime Minister somehow have had nothing to say about the religious conversions and organized methods to divide Indian masses in sectarian beliefs. He had nothing to say on the phenomenon such as ‘ghar wapsi’ etc. Hence the intentions of the Saffron forces on trying to replace Secularism and Socialism seem quite evident.

SECULARISM AND SOCIALISM IS THE REAL CHARACTER OF INDIAN SOCIETY: –

The glories of past decades have been attributed to the social harmony in the nation protected by modern Constitution. India, a Secular State, is surrounded by states based on Religion. Death roams free on the streets of these Theocratic States due to sectarian conflicts and under developed Democracy. On the contrary by the virtue of Article 25 and unshaken belief in Constitutional Values India has successfully kept the right wing extremism at bay by following SECULAR approach.

 The economic development, as manifested by Five year plans have been on socialistic principles since independence. Be it Fundamental Rights or Directive Principles of State Policy, Socialist and Secular values are embedded in our Constitution. The socialist ideas, be it GANDHIAN, AMBEDKARITE or NEHRUVIAN are torchbearers of our Constitution. The Socialist/PublicWelfare Economic Policies and Legal Concepts have tried to push the fruits of economic prosperity and social equality to reach the deprived and socially oppressed sections as much as possible.

In the famous  Judgment Keshvananda Bharti Vs. State of Kerala, The Supreme Court declared that Parliament cannot alter the BASIC STRUCTURE or framework of the Constitution and it could not use its amending powers to ‘damage‘, ‘emasculate’, ‘destroy’, ‘abrogate’, ‘change’ or ‘alter’ the ‘basic structure’ or framework of the constitution. Consequently the important question that arises in this context is that “Does Basic Structure includes Socialism and Secularism?” In the Keshavananda judgement the eminent jurists opined explicitly or indicated that Secularism and Socialism are part of Basic Structure. According to Chief Justice Sikri, “Supremacy of the Constitution” and “Secular character of the Constitution” forms part of Basic Structure.

It cannot be denied that there have been many examples of religious fundamentalism manifesting in shameful organsied violence against religious minorities. Delhi massacre of 1984, demolition of Babri Masjid, Gujrat communal riots 2002 are but huge blots of inhuman attitude of Indian political class and the space which has been captured by anti-democratic, communal and backward forces in our national political scenario. Moreover the failure of security forces in preventing such violence and failure of Judiciary in delivering Justice in time adds to the horror of common man. BUT now victory of Aam Aadmi Party where people overlooked all these factors of money, muscle, caste and religion is sure sign of Indian Democracy getting matured and Indian elector being wise. Hence quiet evidently it is the answer of people of India towards the attitude of ruling BJP in past 9 months which has done nothing but tried to divide Indian masses in creeds, sects and religions. Hence Delhi Mandate is victory of Constitutional values, it is the manifestation of real nature of Indian Society which is Secular and Plural in nature from the very dawn of its Civillisation.

ROLE OF INDIAN DEMOCRACY AND NATURE OF LEADERSHIP:-

In both our countries, in India and in America, our diversity is our strength.  And we have to guard against any efforts to divide ourselves along sectarian lines or any other lines.  And if we do that well, if America shows itself as an example of its diversity and yet the capacity to live together and work together in common effort, in common purpose; if India, as massive as it is, with so much diversity, so many differences is able to continually affirm its democracy, that is an example for every other country on Earth.  That’s what makes us world leaders — not just the size of our economy or the number of weapons we have, but our ability to show the way in how we work together, and how much respect we show each other.”  – President Barrack Obama

Today, in 21st century when world market is so closely embedded that there cannot be any isolated military power in old medieval style. The leadership essentially has to be not through bigger Nuclear arsenal or better military equipment but through a progressive, open, plural and democratic culture. It will not be wrong to say that after the defeat in two World Wars Germany adopted this approach, Germany is the torchbearer of European economic stability, cultural unity. Where recent ongoing efforts to reach cease-fire between Ukrainian Army and Russian rebels in Kiev shows Germany’s resolve to maintain peace in the region and lead Europe towards political stability by constantly denying NATO to deploy it forces en masse. It is clear that in 21st century any nation will not be a leader because of the violence or hatred it preaches but how much in its capacity any nation can bring cultural absorption, political stability and economic prosperity to its region of the globe. And today India is at cross roads and India is the only country with multi cultural, linguistic and religious diversity which has the capacity to uphold the principles of ‘Unity in Diversity’ and consequently be an exemplary leader in protecting its cultural diversity, linguistic and religious minorities. But since India is a thorough democracy, this pressure for continually upholding Secular status of the country can be asserted only by the masses and to stop the present government for running this country like some 18th century Prussian State ( where our Prime Minister thinks himself to be Bismarck of South East Asia !).  Still this will not be enough, Indian masses have to be wise enough and nothing much should be expected from this ruling government. The nature of leadership of India can only be one of uniting South East Asia in one economic zone, in propelling harmony and asserting it through education and better medical facilities. Hence choosing and voting for political forces like AAP can be one such step and check on the Communal and Fascist forces and spirit of Democracy in and out of the Country.

SOCIALLY OPPRESSED AND SUBALTERN ARE MISSING !

History has shown us that blind faith in any one ideology or political party has always led to shameful failures. It is very important for the spirit of democracy to be alive and active. And this is only possible when we the youth and students of the nation will be vigil and will be loyal towards the humane consciousness, Fundamental Rights and constitutional values. AAP is a very fresh and young ideology, it must be supported but not be trusted blindly. Infact, there has been a very curious phenomenon inside the AAP’s evolution and coming in power. Unlike the parties like RJD, JD(U), CPI (M) and even BJP itself who smartly have adopted an approach of promoting the socially backward and oppressed sections atleast in their manifestoes and to some extent in working leadership as well, it is strange to find out that a Political Party as vibrant and full of Young leaders as AAP are not clear on matters of uplifting through affirmative action (Reservation) but have had some interesting ideas which seem to be diluting the provisions of affirmative action during many debates in 2014 Lok Sabha Elections ! Moreover interesting to note is that there is NOT a single personality representing any of the oppressed sections of society in party’s leadership ! Which surely should raise some eyebrows. So much so that, when Draft of Jan Lokpal Bill was prepared by Team Anna ( with Arvind Kejrival leading it) they actually ‘forgot’ to give representation to the members of Socially Oppressed Sections in appointments as Lok Pals as is required by law. India is country of millions of destitute, who are more socially oppressed in our villages. It is our firm belief that the term “Socialist” in preamble means protection and upliftment of these backward class citizens not only through the concepts like reservation (which unfortunately is abused by political parties for their vote bank and not for the purpose it was introduced ) but through appropriate political participation and leadership in executive as well as in legislation.

AT LAST, it must be accepted that mandate in Delhi is People’s mandate, it expressed the mood of Indian masses and inherent Secular values of Indian society. Delhi’s mandate is inspiration for poor and middle classes as well as it is a sure symptom of Indian Democracy being matured while overcoming the evils of money, muscle, power, religion and caste politics. Hence we the Youth and Students of India must keep a curious watch on the phenomenon of AAP and must not follow it blindly but on the other hand give genuine support to the issues raised by AAP in future.

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EKLAVYA STUDENTS AND YOUTH ASSOCIATION

March of Subaltern Liberty, Human Unity and Global Democracy

President: Vikramjeet Vick                                                                                         President (evening): Paryas Sharma           Contact No: 9988846069

Swami Vivekananda raised voice for Indian Subaltern (Dalits)

 

-Swami Vivekananda deserving Bharat Ratana for serving subaltern-

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Let men have the light of liberty. That is only condition of growth…  – Swami Vivekananda

Some time society needs more of a spiritual ideals and ideology to evolve and progress besides numerous political struggles and efforts. The birth of Great spiritual leader and philosopher Swami Vivekananda is the manifestation of such need of Indian land when India was suffering from communal forces and casteism along with British regime. In pre-colonial India, on 12 January 1863, this unique Hindu leader was born to weaken and defeat the dark forces. In 1984, Indian Government announced birthday of Swami Vivekananda as National Youth Day to grant him a special tribute. Swami Vivekananda ji embraced many sects, religious schools and world outlooks. He influenced large Indian masses and foreigners with his intellect and became a great social reformer, true nationalist and bold internationalist. Throughout his life, he always insisted on the very inherent spiritual nature of Indian society and gave a message of its inevitability to conquer the world. He also enforced Indian masses to come out of superstitions and understand the deep philosophy of spiritualism and religion. Vivekananda with his vast horizon of mind always established spirituality as tool and love as an instrument of human evolution and social development.

Like English philosopher Johan Locke, Vivekananda considered nature of man as eternal or divine that became departed due to external subjugation, worldly deviations and alienation which he can discover through wisdom, self-knowledge and actions for humanity. After Kabir Sahib, he was one of first person in India who condemned Casteism and Untouchabilty within domains of Hinduism. Vivekananda was passionate philanthropist who strongly advocated the oppressed, lower castes or outcastes and poor people. He remarked many time that

“Love makes no distinction between man and man, between an Aryan and Mlechcha, between Brahmin and a Pariah, nor even between man and woman. Love makes the whole universe as one’s own home.”

He projected Vedas composed of eternal and spiritual contents and Simrits or Purana as temporary texts infused with political motives. Vivekananda announced bravely that

“We must remember that for all periods the Vedas are the final goal and authority, and if the Puranas differ in any respect from the Vedas, that part of the Puranas is to be rejected without mercy…. As time rolls on, more and more of the Smritis will go, sages will come and they will change and direct society into better channels, into duties and into paths according to the necessity of age, and without which it is impossible that society can live.. ”

This was intention that right wing forces could not accept and are always keen to defame image of  S. Vevekanada. He was very against the privileges based on caste hierarchy which becomes clear in subsequent statement that

“The enjoyment of advantages over another is privilege; and throughout ages, the aim of morality has been its destruction. This is the work that tends towards unity, without destroying variety”.

Vivekananda also tagged Shudras or Parihas as proletariats of India and envisaged that Indian socialism can be conceived primarily in terms of their betterment.      

The work of Swami ji for subaltern (oppressed, lower caste and poor people) is unbelievable and recommendable. In fact the spirit of basic idea of education system that was proposed by Swami ji, seems to became a prime objective of Indian constitution and of first education commission – education system should strive to build character by cultivating moral, social and spiritual values…should strengthen national and social integration to create more egalitarian social order. Vivekananda always emphasized on education that

“…taking some university degrees, you consider yourself educated. Is this education? What is the goal of your education? Either Clerkship, or being a lawyer, or at the most a Deputy Magistrate, which is another form of clerkship – isn’t that all? What good will it do to you or to the country at large? Open your eyes and see what a piteous cry for food is rising in the land Bharata, proverbial for its food. Will your education fulfill this want? The education that does not help the common mass of people to equip themselves for the struggle for life, which does not bring out strength of character, a spirit of philanthropy and the courage of a lion – is it worth name?..The end of all education, all training should be man making.”

Vivekananda was first who supported the lower castes, lower class subaltern people in different way by proposing such education system that also seems to be ideological basis for reservation in modern time. Vivekananda elucidated very firmly that

“If the Brahmin has more aptitude for learning on the ground of heredity than the Pariah, spend no more money on the Brahmin’s education; but spend all on the Pariah. Give to the weak, `for there all the gift is needed… If there is inequality in nature, still there must be equal chance for all — or if greater for some and for some less — the weaker should be given more chance than the strong. If the son of a Brahmin needs one teacher, that of a Chandala needs ten…Our poor people, these downtrodden masses of India, therefore, require to hear and to know what they really are…”

Dr. B.R. Ambedkar’s concept of reservation and education was the legal and political manifestations of this above mentioned truthful thoughts of Vivekananda. Hence Vivekananda’s understating about Indian society seems to be correct and venerable.

On the eve of National Youth Day, it is worth to say that Vivekananda’s approach for education and uplifting status of subaltern is practical. His attacks on orthodox Hinduism enfolding casteism, idea of spiritual society and internationalism seek more interpretations and exposure. Hence it is necessary to defeat extreme wing communal forces who manipulate pious ideas of subaltern sympathizer Swami Vivekananda to perpetuate casteism and irrational condemning of constitutional right of reservation. Also it is duty of students and youth to eliminate extremist left wing forces which try to hijack subaltern ideals like Dr. B.R. Ambedkar to mobilize dalits/lower-castes/tribes for their undemocratic interests and violent means. If Malaviya and Vajpayee ji can be nominated for Bharat Ratnas, why not Vivekananda, Guru Nanak, Kabir ji, Phule were considered for same. ESYA demands that Vivekananda ji should be given honor of Bharat Ratana as were awarded to B.R Ambedkar for serving subaltern and our country. ESYA congratulates every student and citizen on the eve of National Youth Day.

President ESYA (PU unit): Vikramjeet Vick

12 January, 2015

 

Dr. B.R. Ambedkar & Nelson Mandela: The Heroes of Subaltern across the world

“Political tyranny is nothing compared to the social tyranny and a reformer who defies society is a more courageous man than a politician who defies Government” – Dr. B.R. Ambedkar

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“I have walked that long road to freedom. I have tried not to falter; I have made missteps along the way. But I have discovered the secret that after climbing a great hill, one only finds that there are many more hills to climb. I have taken a moment here to rest, to steal a view of the glorious vista that surrounds me, to look back on the distance I have come. But I can only rest for a moment, for with freedom come responsibilities, and I dare not linger, for my long walk is no tended.” ― Nelson Mandela

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Introduction :-History conceals sacrifices and struggles of many people and personalities but the potential and works of a Great leader are inevitable to manifest their might and glory. Dr. B.R. Ambedkar and Nelson Mandela were such leaders who fought for justice and dignity of historically oppressed communities particularly blacks and lower castes. As Mandela was popular leader of majority black people of South Africa in post-colonial era, similarly Dr. Ambedkar was deeply dedicated to Indian oppressed classes and castes before and after independence. The sacrifices and patience of these remarkable political leaders can never be forgotten which shaped these personalities to be loved and celebrated. The Apartheid system and Caste system or untouchability both were system of discrimination among human beings. In India, Caste system guards social hierarchy and deny equality and dignity of human being. And Apartheid was ethnical order that perpetuated the racial discrimination in South Africa. The political and ideological discourse of Dr. Ambedkar and Nelson Mandela kindled a new hope for subaltern masses and oppressed communities across the globe.  The subaltern classes are those classes that suffered exploitation and oppression of ruling political classes and experienced general attribute of subordination or ‘of inferior rank’ over thousands of years in all histories. Subaltern classes may include peasants, workers and other groups denied access to ‘hegemonic’ power. Gramsci tried to conceive historiography of the subaltern classes and history of the ruling classes that is realized in the state. The subaltern are not just identified along class line but also based on historical suppression of particular sections along cultural, linguistics, ethnics, racial and caste lines depriving them from political rights and property rights.

Dr. B.R. Ambedkar (14 April 1891 – 6 December 1956):-  The birth of such thinker with tremendous and broader vision like Dr. Ambedkar is bright destiny of our country and particularly of deprived castes and untouchables. Caste custom in India is ancient practice that became more intensified in medieval period of Indian history. Many social reformers and spiritual leaders like Kabir ji, Ravidas ji, Dadu ji and Nanak ji and Vivekananda ji attempted to uproot this bloody casteism. The Bhakti Lehar or Sant-mat, Sikhism and Buddhism were ideological idioms that attacked on caste-system and upper caste privileges prevailing in Hindu society. The very sacred and pious ancient Textual Hinduism and Vedic culture was manipulated, misinterpreted and vulgarised by ruling classes with shame and impunity in many Smritis particularly in ‘Manu Smriti’ at different historical epochs to perpetuate ‘casteism’ and ‘untouch-ability’ to extract surplus labour of toiling masses and to have psychological control over lower caste . Dr. Ambedkar correctly argued that

Caste system is not merely a division of  labour. It is also a division of laborers.

The ‘Aryan and non- Aryan’, ‘native habitants’ and ‘foreigner’, ‘purity and impurity’, ‘occupations, birth and sense of superiority’, ‘patriarchy and privileges’ were enough notions sanctioned by orthodox Hinduism to divide humanity across social hierarchy. The British Raj in India somewhat distorted caste system but not tried to abolish it rather sometime carried it to serve their own interests. In this scenario, Dr. B.R. Ambedkar was born in colonial India and struggled with Imperial force as well domestic ‘upper caste’ mentality or Brahaminism but died in free India unfortunately not in caste free India.

           It is highly unfortunate that the real work and depth of the social and political contributions of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar has gone unnoticed. He is not only colossal figure in 20th century political theater of India but can easily be recognized as a theoretical and intellectual leader of all subaltern classes across the globe. His understanding of a backward society such as of India and application of a advanced concept such as Rule of Law , affirmative action in favour of socially weak sections, formation of an electoral system based on written constitution etc. is work no less than any western celebrated thinker such as John Locke. His political contributions may be silent but their affect in uniting this ancient and divided country through law and peaceful way surpasses the likes of Abraham Lincoln.

           Hence we as students and youth must acknowledge, accept his tremendous effort from the very beginning of his life. At that time in colonial India while belonging to such humble background he was the MOST educated personality in 20th Century India. He understood the political, social, cultural as well as structural anatomy of this country. He was the first Law minister of India and delivered the constitution which is comprehensive as well as flexible in adapting. He was of the view, “Democracy is not merely a form of Government. It is primarily a mode of associated living, of conjoint communicated experience. It is essentially an attitude of respect and reverence towards fellowmen”.

Nelson Mandela (18 july, 1918 – 5 December, 2013):- Nelson Mandela with his visionary and missionary attitude impressed not only blacks but also multiracial culture and communities including white minorities in South Africa. He lived a life of an activist, philanthropist, political leader and a lawyer. It is much painful that on 5 December, 2013 a Great subaltern leader Nelson Mandela left this world for ever. But his brilliant political and social works are milestone for all politicians and philanthropists. The main contribution of Nelson Mandela was that of his struggle for eliminating the racial discrimination and segregation in South Africa. This struggle was intensified and became famous with the name of Sabotage plans (1961-1963). Mandela was not only worried about Blacks but also with human lives. That’s why he was very concerned about Violent and Non-violent modes of struggle against apartheid.

In seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, Dutch trading companies started to plunder African colonies and continents. Some Dutch families had been settled in South Africa and traditionally dominated South Africa’s politics. These “minority white people” used to speak local Afrikaans language as first language. Historically, the black people were suppressed by whites and thrown to live in dehumanized conditions in South Africa. Whole of this process made them deprived of all basic political rights of democratic life. This political regime was laced with Apartheid system or government.

Nelson Mandela joined the African National Congress (ANC) in 1944 and established ANC Youth League. In 1952, Mandela and Oliver Tambo established South Africa’s first black law firm when he started to practice law as lawyer. The Treason Trial (1956), Sabotage plans (1961-1963), Rivonia Trial (1963) were the major incidents that proved to be roadmap for 1st Presidency of Blacks in South Africa challenging the hegemony of white supremacy. After general strike for black liberation that was called in May 1960 and failed to mobilize vast masses, Mandela proposed and convinced to ANC for the undertaking of an armed effort against the South African government putting a reason that “The attacks of the wild beast cannot be averted with only bare hands”. Hence a military organ of ANC, Umkhonto weSizwe, or Spear of the Nation” was established to force government to call national constitutional convention for multiracial democracy. This sabotage attacked on many Apartheid government posts, machines and facilities. In 1962, Mandela was arrested by government official on his return to South Africa and accused of leaving country without passport, waging sabotage movement and getting help from foreign nations. Standing in the dock at the Palace of Justice in Pretoria, Mandela announced that

“the ideal of a democratic and free society” is one “for which I am prepared to die.

This was just beginning of rise of multiracial democracy.  The rest 28 year of life imprisonment and trials was the span of political changes and debates for multicultural and multiracial democracy in South Africa forcing government to negotiate and compromise. During this time period the speech of Mandela that

“I have fought against white domination, and I have fought against black domination. I have cherished the ideal of a democratic and free society in which all persons live together in harmony and with equal opportunities”

became conscience of South African people. In February 1990, President F. W. de Klerk announced the release of Nelson Mandela. In April 1994, South Africans of all races went to the polls.  The ANC won and Nelson Mandela became the first black President of South Africa. In 1991, many times the violence of “black -on- black” was perpetuated by state intelligence to damage the reputation of Mandela in which thousands died. Mandela recognized this “third force” and settled this issue through negotiations with black ethnic Inkatha (right wing) leaders and de Klerk (State President) signing peace accord. Mandela was very wise and diplomatic to expose the right wing parties and white supremacist Afrikaner Weerstandsbeweging and white minority’s National Party in every tough situation. He was well equipped to tackle communists and left wing extremism and he was successful to project ANC as broadly social democratic in outlook. The Communist leader Joe Slovo recognized that Stalinism had failed in Eastern Europe and could not be regarded as a model for the South African Communist Party. Hence he found a special place as minister in ANC government formation. During militant sabotage campaign some left extremists joined the struggle to gain popularity. But in his autobiography, Nelson Mandela wisely remarked:

“There will always be those who say that the Communists were using us. But who is to say that we were not using them?”

The Subalternity that is supposed to be consequence of exercise of hegemony over subaltern classes can better be observed in history of South Africa. “National Reconciliation” Commission was the policy that had been adopted to ensure racial harmony in which Mandela assured to white population that they would be protected and represented in “Rainbow Nation”  .Nelson Mandela marked and challenged the hegemony of white race to create multiracial democracy and racial harmony.

Mandela is celebrated as Hero of subaltern across the world as equivalent to Dr. B.R.Ambedkar-the first law minister and architect of constitution of India- who fought for Caste-free society.        

What the students and youth of India should derive:-

  • It must be extracted from the life of above people heroes that any struggle for liberation and advancements of society or particular oppressed community can be achieved through the Parliamentary democracy. And parliamentary democracy is the height of political structure in Human society.
  • Like Mandela, “National Reconciliation Commissions” should be appointed in our country to build cultural, religious and social harmony.
  • All armed struggles are bound to end in parliamentary democracy. Nelson Mandela is ultimate example of mobilization of masses while leading them from a bizzare armed struggle into an immediately democratic set up and he represented whole issue through electoral process on similar lines Dr B.R. Ambedkar gave this country a concept of ‘Rule of Law’ annihilating the discrimination of any sort from law hence officially banned discrimination by legislative changes and measurements. Mandela’s as well as Dr. B.R. Ambedkar’s life proved that “Ballots are more effective than bullets”. Hence, few irrational, irresponsible, immature people and political forces conspiring against this huge people’s democracy and people’s Constitution must learn from these examples and it is duty of the students to lead these democratic principles in their lives in whatever fields they work.
  • In Indian context, Dr. Ambedkar did more theoretical and political work and presented biggest written constitution in world showing the potential and talent of Great Subaltern leader. And some right and left extreme forces  that deny the democratic constitution, consciously or unconsciously feel challenged their brahamnical ‘intellectual hegemony’ of thousand years. Hence it is necessary to accept the democratic principle that was enshrined in Article 14 and 16 of our Constitution by Dr. Ambedkar.
  • B.R. Ambedkar is symbol of progressive society, one that is always evolving on the base of education , social harmony and cultural absorption. Today it becomes the duty of students to push the collective cultural consciousness of whole country in context of 21st century by shunning all anti-democratic forces, backward traditions. Globalization is one such opportunity to unite the subaltern across the globe and hence it must not be allowed to slip away.

ESYA stands with spirit of social harmony and give an international tribute to Dr. B.R. Ambedkar and Nelson Mandela on the eve of their death anniversaries.

President: Vikramjeet Vick

CELEBRATING 25th ANNIVERSARY OF DEMOLITION OF BERLIN WALL Defeat of Stalinist Totalitarianism & Victory of Parliamentary Democracy

I have always strenuously supported the right of every man to his own opinion, however different that opinion might be to mine. He who denies to another this right, makes a slave of himself to his present opinion, because he precludes himself the right of changing it”   -Thomas Paine, Age of Reason

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With defeat and surrender of Nazi Germany in 1945, WW-II, and triumphant Soviet forces in Berlin nobody ever thought that people of World just defeated one evil and fell in the trap of another one. During the days of WW-II, it was common Soviet propaganda that every town or city they captured they call it ‘Liberated’. But such ‘liberation’ forced millions of people in ‘GULAG CAMPS’ where overwhelming number of people raising voice against the Soviet Imperialism across the Europe were thrown and disappeared. The list of resistances of European people against Stalinist regime is never ending. In every country that was captured by Soviet forces in WW-II they were never given their sovereignty back but every voice of freedom was suppressed by Soviet Tanks and Cannons.  To start from Kronstadt itself, where in 1921 Soviet Red Army opened cannons on the protest of workers against Bolshevism with the pretext that there are ‘anarchists’ and ‘petty bourgeois’ elements involved, till the fall of Berlin Wall, is one huge saga of sacrifice and heroism of freedom loving people and expresses inherent ‘Nature Of Man’. The Chechen resistance against the Soviet Expansionism (1920), The Ukrainian insurgency and Anti-Soviet Hungarian Revolution in 1956, Baltic resistance known as ‘Forest Brothers’ till 1962, Polish (1963), Bulgarian(1960s), Croatian guerillas against Soviet forced Occupation and genocides soon after WW-II, Albanian, Moldovian, Serbian, Slovenian etc are but only tip of iceberg representing the people’s resistance against the Stalinist Totalitarianism which is popularly known as Bolshevism.

Soviet Union, conceived in the blood of have-nots, the destitute and with intention of a better society ended in Stalinist Purges (suppression of all opposition), murder and genocides of all dissent in Soviet Union. It became nothing less than ancient Egyptian Empire with Pharohs having God-like power. Lenin’s ‘Right To Self-Determination of Nations’ was answered not with any ideological discourse but with Soviet T-34 Tanks rolling down in Hungary, and all the Eastern Europe, killing shooting and massacring. Berlin Wall was constructed by ‘East Germany’ with heavy propaganda that it is being constructed by the ‘will of people’ against ‘Fascism’. But it was a huge conspiracy like that of ‘Hadrian’s Wall’. The Berlin Wall was originally constructed by Soviet Union in 1961 to stop fleeing of people from East Germany (Soviet Satellite State) towards West Germany. The fleeing of people in hundreds from East to West Germany itself was answer of will of people to live in a free, democratic and Parliamentary form of Government. Following the fall of Berlin Wall on November 9, 1989 all the Captured States declared themselves to be free from the Yoke of Bolshevism and USSR founded by Stalin himself.

Fall of Berlin Wall represents an ideological failure, collapse of 19th century Totalitarian State, Stalinism, Maoism, Social Fascism and any that idea or institution which stands in the way of Human Liberation and Unity. This event boldly signifies that any idea standing as the hurdle before Human freedom is bound to fall. Yet interesting and shameful is the defense of Stalinists [ Leftist Parties] which will always term every people’s movement against Bolshevism as ‘propaganda’. It is the duty of the students and youth to be aware of such sham ideological propaganda. It is quite evident from history that mass murders and oppressors always defend themselves with impunity. Even all the Nazi Germany Generals pleaded themselves innocent during Nuremberg trials as if carnage of millions of Jews and concentration camps were work of only one man! SIMILARLY, the defenders of STALINISM-MAOISM are but the example of the same. Such groups are habitual of criticizing American invasion of Vietnam but will never talk of Soviet invasion of Finland (1939), there will be propaganda of ‘Right to Self Determinism’ but never the acceptance of Soviet suppression of Eastern European nationalities and nations with force. Hence it is the duty of the students and youth of every democracy to fight against such ideologies, tendencies along with all the injustice in society. The promotion of democratic culture in the answer to all sort of fundamentalism and in our era demolition of Berlin Wall represents the same.

We as ESYA appeal to promote, propagate and fight against every anti-human, undemocratic, fundamentalist ideals and institutions. Stand in solidarity with families of millions of people who have been victimized by Fascists/ Stalinists/ Maoists in history and in present. ESYA will strive to promote the peace, unity, liberty and democracy across the globe.

President : Vikramjeet Vick

 

 

 

Finally, Lyngdoh Instructions and Campus democracy won!!! (Analysis of PU campus election,2014)

Finally, Lyngdoh Instructions and Campus democracy won!!!

(Analysis of PU campus election,2014)

Indian society is embracing many diversities having unity in its collective political conscience with constitutional values developed over considerable period of history. The representatives and electoral system are supposed to be dominating instrument of any democracy. The degree of fairness and transparency in election affirms the maturity of democratic institutions. Recently, the scenario in PU was full of excitements for celebrating occasion of democracy- the electoral mechanism. To assure peaceful and fair environment the authorities were deeply concerned. The Lyngdoh recommendations were followed sincerely to involve educated people with good academic qualifications to participate in electoral arena. There may perhaps be some ‘debates’ in these instructions but still this approach definitely teaches leadership qualities to high merit students and also compels poor merit students with good leadership qualities to establish them in academic life.

The campus election in PU ended with NSUI victory recording the second time lead in history. Firstly, we ESYA congratulate the NSUI (student wing of Congress Party), NSO & HIMSU workers and leaders to continue their success in field of student politics of PU campus. Dalvir Goldy, Brinder Dhillon, Sunny Mehta, Manoj Lubana Mauji, Chandan Rana etc as the leaders behind the campaign are also rightful identities to be congratulated. This election has gone leaving behind many experiences and memories with us. We ESYA have tried to put a general review and analysis of this election to draw outlining of students issues that were focused during campaigns and of influences of national or state mainstream parties over the election results. As per Lyngdoh guidelines election contending students are not supposed to mention the party or union name along with his/ her name on the ballot paper. Consequently, this entire phenomenon has enhanced the quantity of students with notion that student’ union not linked to political parties must be given preference because that would deal with student problems exclusively. Hence a politics of pretending to be from non-political background have strengthened at certain level.

This victory of NSUI has far reaching effect at local and even national level. 1stly that Modi wave is derailed and the idea floated that a student organization should not belong to any political party has yet again failed. Hence the obvious factors remained as excellent performance of last year PU council under the leadership of NSUI, Charisma & experience of leaders (Mr. Dalvir Goldy, Mr. Brinder Dhillon) behind the campaign , Properly addressing the issue of girls’ rights and problems, Correct handling of issues of Engineering students [ UIET ], Call of Ex-CM of Punjab Capitan Amarinder Singh to poll fearlessly ensuring the goon free environment while the silence of CM – Badal served the opposite. Like the democratic and secular agenda of Congress party at national, NSUI embraced whole variety of mind sets and communities.

PUSU, SFI, HSA alliance:-In PU students this is very common argument that the student unions are mouthpiece of main political parties. And students show behavior full of hatred toward such student unions. The very neutral image of PUSU & HSA was preached successfully among students. The main ally SFI being very opportunistic became successful to hide its left background (CPI-M) inside this alliance. This was major reason of having such huge support and won the post of joint secretary. No doubt untiring efforts and being old party PUSU got good amount of votes.             

INSO & SOI and allies:- The actual basis of alliance of INSO (INLO, Haryana) and SOI (Akali Dal Badal, Punjab) was well known to all students. The Akali Dal Badal party was very eager to join INLO as alliance to BJP during Lok Sabha election which never materialized but same reflected in INSO and SOI during PU campus election. Workers of all these student unions are very sincere and worked very hard but to us natural alliance of SOI should have been ABVP but it seems that because of their internal tension Akalis and BJP regarding the alliance politics in Haryana in coming Vidhan Sabha election. The Anti-drug campaign of AAP M.P. Bhagwant Mann against Akali Dal Badal also restricted the Punjabi students to vote SOI condemning the sectarian regional politics. Hence, due to confusions going on in these parties at state and national level, their respective student unions have suffered dearly.

ABVP  a flop showdownfall Modi Wave–  As per national scenario ABVP must be leader of alliance with INSO & SOI but it could not happen. All this shows the unethical and unprincipled alliance of BJP at national politics. The sincere efforts of student leaders of these unions were in ineffective just because of communal image of BJP and sectarian regional approach of SAD & INLO. In our opinion they should better join RSS rather than trying luck in University elections.

Finally, during all this electoral scenario, a leftist petty student group SFS (political party not sure & pretend to be non-political) which used to be non-participant in campus panel election for last three years just because of dissent with Lyngdoh instructions by saying it anti-students, undemocratic and merit based or Brahamnical norms suddenly jumped into panel election to show itself the main trustworthy of Lyngdoh. This was obviously an opportunistic or self-contradicting attitude. SFS played every hook and crook card to win election.  SFS preached about the president candidate as scholar and emphasized on the just academic merit of candidate and whole campaign was so intense which made feel students that every activist of SFS is research scholar. This was basic achievement to hide the blamed faces and cases registered against them. Next, SFS was successful in hiding its leftist face and projecting itself as non-political party. They asked voters just for vote to one post (presidential) and remaining three votes to any other student party. What a cheap and cunning tactics!  Furthermore girl candidate chosen to contest at presidential post while observing the majority of girls is a good tactical step and should be appreciated. But in campaign SFS just incited and exaggerated the issues of eve teasing and maligning the character of student leaders of other parties. Consequently their left politics degraded into electoral/tactical feminism among female students, which is again appreciable from the point of view of having votes. Whereas issues picked by NSUI regarding girls like timings of the library/hostel is worth mentioning as the step towards gender equality. Besides this, SFS relied on leadership of ASA (student wing of BSP) for dalit’s votes to hide their anti-dalit faces. ASA proved to be the master of drama of being non-political by rejecting the electoral politics in campus. And they pushed their workers to vote SFS indirectly. Hence it seems ASA not to be true representative of dalits but only the controller of their minds. ASA must represent itself in elections with wider agenda and their own potential.  Moreover, the sympathy for cases against SFS members by preaching themselves innocent is major factor for their votes whereas the case trail is going on in court. This is very unconstitutional and shows no-faith in judiciary. They succeeded in manipulating the fund resources by taking symbolic fund campaign but this is fact that all left background rich people sponsored SFS. In nutshell SFS tried to satisfy all Lyngdoh norms clarifying its own dilemma.  We, the ESYA, appreciate the efforts of the PU management, Chandigarh Administration and police department that contributed to the peaceful and unbiased conduct of elections.

Appeal:- 1. Almost all student unions are composed of two agendas one relating with students and other with national issues. No student unions can win elections without serving students because students are very aware and educated section of society but we must interfere and understand the national agendas of their respective political parties.

  1. Investigate the ‘neutrals’ while voting them if you sincerely believe in neutrals. Please do not fund the unions without knowing their sprit and mode of expenditure.
  2. This process of upholding the constitutional principles and values should continue in the future as well.

by

President ESYA  : Vikramjeet Vick                                                          Contact:  9988846069

 on 7 September,2014